In 1982, International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) established 18 April as the International Day for Monuments and Sites, followed by UNESCO adoption during its 22nd General Conference. The International Day for Monuments and Sites is also known as World Heritage Day. Each year, on this occasion, ICOMOS proposes a theme for activities to be organized by its members, ICOMOS National and International Scientific Committees, Working Groups and partners, and anyone who wants to join in marking the Day.
The Theme of International Day for Monuments and Sites 2022 is “Heritage and Climate”. This day provides a timely opportunity to showcase strategies to promote the full potential of heritage conservation research and practice to deliver climate-resilient pathways to strengthen sustainable development, while advocating for just transitions to low-carbon futures.
ICOMOS declared the Cultural Heritage and the Climate Emergency in 2020, recognising the potential of cultural heritage to enable inclusive, transformative and just climate action through the safeguarding of all types of cultural heritage from adverse climate impacts, the implementation of risk-informed disaster responses, delivering climate resilient sustainable development; and this from a perspective of equity and justice.
This General Assembly Resolution 2020 includes working in solidarity with Indigenous Peoples, vulnerable and frontline communities; driven by participatory climate governance; gender-responsive human rights, and rights-based approaches that contribute to transformative change, enable climate adaptation, and deliver climate resilient pathways to strengthen sustainable development.
Climate-related deteriorations on the monumental buildings resulted from temperature differences between summer-winter and day-night, water movement at the building due to capillarity, abrasive effects of rain water, salt and some chemicals involved in water, particles carried by wind and air pollution.
The ‘Future of our Pasts’ report, published by ICOMOS in 2019, calls for solidarity between heritage professionals and those communities most affected by, or least able to bear the cost of, climate change. Solidarity must form the basis of the actions that we take in this decade on our race to Climate Justice and Equity, and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Climate Justice and Equity are central to the ongoing discourse concerning the intersections of climate change and heritage. Association of City Managers in Nigeria (ACMAN) encourages stakeholders to take action on measures to prevent impact of climate change on historical monuments in Nigeria.